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Types of Postsecondary Educational Institutions

Posted in Effective College Planning by admin on the December 20th, 2010
College An institution that offers educational instruction beyond the high school level in a 2-year or 4-year program.
    University
    An academic organization which grants undergraduate and graduate degrees in a variety of fields. It is composed of a number of ‘schools’ or ‘colleges’ each of which encompasses a general field of study.
    Liberal Arts College
    Four-year institution which emphasizes program of broad undergraduate education. Pre-professional or professional training may be available but is not stressed.
    Junior College
    Two-year institution of higher learning which provides vocational training and academic curricula (terminal and transfer). Terminal Course: Academic program is complete in itself. A student who completes it may not apply to a 4-year college for further study without completing additional course requirements. Transfer Course: Academic program is designed to lead into a 4-year course at another college or university.
    Community College
    Two-year public institution offering similar programs as junior colleges
    Engineering or Technical College
    Independent professional schools which provide 4-year training programs in the fields of engineering and physical sciences. They are often known as Institutes of Technology or Polytechnic Institutes.
    Technical School
    A 2-year institution that offers terminal occupational programs intended to prepare students for immediate employment in fields related to engineering and physical sciences. These schools may also offer 1-year certificates in certain crafts and clerical skills.
    Nursing School
    There are two kinds of nursing schools in WNY. At schools affiliated with 4-year colleges, students receive both a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) Degree and an R.N. and have the possibility of entering the field of nursing administration. At a community college, students receive an Associate of Applied Science (A.A.S.) Degree and an R.N.
    Military Schools
    Federal military academies prepare officers for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. These institutions (West Point, Annapolis, the Air Force Academy) require recommendation and appointment by members of Congress. Private and state supported military institutes, however, operate on a college application basis. They all offer degree programs in engineering and technology with concentrations in various aspects of military science.
    Business School
    Business schools fall into two categories. At some colleges it is possible to specialize in business administration or in a 2-year secretarial course in conjunction with liberal arts courses and earn an Associate in Applied Science Degree (A.A.S.). Other institutions offer predominantly business or secretarial courses and may or may not be regionally accredited.